Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used for traditional reproductive care by Usen people of Edo State, Nigeria

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Authors :

Ogwu M C, Osawaru M E and Obahiagbon G E

Author Address :

1Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
2Department of Biological Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, South Korea

Abstract :

The aim of this work is to document medicinal plants associated with traditional female reproductive care by Usen people of South Western Nigeria. Reproductive care is necessary to maintain reproductive fitness, correct anomalies, enhance satisfaction and completeness, especially among married couples. Plants used in traditional medicine define the field of ethnomedicine, which is a subfield of ethnobotany. Through structured questionnaires, personal interviews and guided trips, primary information on plant and plant parts used, mode of usage and when used were obtained from 100 key informants. The informants included full time herbalists (13%), part-time herbalists (8%), town elders (16%), farmers (22%), civil servants (23%) and housewives (18%). A total of thirty-six plants species belonging to twenty-five plant families were recorded. Dominant plant family was Malvaceae with four representative species. Among the plants surveyed 10, 12 and 16 plants were documented for female fertility, pre and post-natal care functions respectively. The major plant part used was the leaves (62%). Others are stem bark (13%), roots (11%), seeds (5%), shoot (3%) whole plant (3%) and fruit liquid (3%). Some of the plants encountered were solely administered while others were administered in conjunction with other plants, animal extracts and incantations. Surveyed plants were identified, collected and housed in the University of Benin Herbarium. These plants resources are potential raw materials for manufacturing drugs associated with the management of reproductive health care challenges.

Keywords :

Ethnobotany, Medicinal plants, Reproductive care, Plant survey, Usen people


Article Info :

Received 18-Apr-2017, Revised 26-May-2017, Accepted 11-Jun-2017



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